The importance of pain reduction through dressing selection in routine wound management: the MAPP study

The importance of pain reduction through dressing selection in routine wound management: the MAPP study

Author(s) : s. Meaume, L. Téot, I. Lazareth, J. Martini, S. Bohbot


Etude_MAPP
  • Objective: To discover the incidence of pain in patients with acute or chronic wounds of various causes during dressing removal, and the effect of switching to a non-adherent dressing.
  • Method: A total of 656 primary care physicians reported the relevant details of all acute or chronic wounds observed during routine visits throughout the study period. The pain experienced during dressing changes was systematically evaluated. In patients with moderate to severe pain, a more extensive evaluation was performed and they were invited to complete a self-evaluation questionnaire. If the patients were seen at a subsequent visit, a new evaluation was perfomed.
  • Results: In total 5850 patients were seen: 2914 with acute wounds and 2936 with chronic wounds.  During dressing changes, a similar number of patients with acute and chronic wounds reported “moderate to severe” pain during the medical screening visit (79.9% and 79.7%) and “very severe” pain in their self-evaluation questionnaire completed at home (47% and 59% respectively). Dressing removal was most painful when there was adherence to the wound bed. Switching to a new, non-adherent dressing reduced pain during dressing changes in 88% of patients which chronic wounds and 95% of patients with acute wounds.
  • Conclusion: This study demonstrates that similar problems with patient acceptability arise irrespective of wound aetiology. Pain is a major problem and is most often related to dressing selection. Selecting a suitable, non-adherent dressing improves patient acceptability.
  • Declaration of interest: This study was sponsored by Laboratoires Urgo.

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Last update : November 23, 2017